Men of Excellence
After reciting the Tashahhud, Ta’awwuz, and Surah Al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) continued his discourse about the lives of the Badri companions.
Hazrat Yazid bin Ruqaish (ra) belonged to the Banu Asad bin Khuzaimah tribe of the Quraish and was a confederate of the Banu Abd ash-Shams. Hazrat Yazid (ra) participated in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa) including the Battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq (the battle of Ditch). Hazrat Yazid passed away on the occasion of the Battle of Yamama in 12 AH.
Then Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) gave a brief background to the Battle of Yamama, which was fought in 12 AH.
Musailamah Kazzab declared an uprising against Muslims. He claimed to be a prophet. One of the associates of the Musailamah Kazzab was Nahar-ur-Rajjal bin ‘Unfuwa. He went to the Holy Prophet (sa) to learn the Holy Qur’an and religious matters. The Holy Prophet (sa) sent him back to the people of Yamama as a religious teacher in order to refute Musailamah Kazzab’s claim to prophethood. When Nahar-ur-Rajjal bin ‘Unfuwa went back to Yamama, he renounced Islam and gave a false testimony that he has heard the Holy Prophet (sa) say that Musailamah had, God forbid, been made a prophet alongside him. As Nahar-ur-Rajjal bin ‘Unfuwa had come back from Medinah, therefore, his assertions influenced the general public and led to a declaration of rebellion and revolt amongst those people. The people of Yamama asked Musailamah Kazzab to write a letter to the Holy Prophet (sa) stating that if he did not obey him, they will support Musailamah Kazzab in opposing the Holy Prophet (sa). This treacherous claim of theirs was in fact the fundamental reason for war.
This battle was fought against Musailamah Kazzab at Yamama. It was an intense war and 1,300 Muslim soldiers valiantly fought against the well-trained and well-equipped 40,000 strong army of the Musailamah Kazzab. The war claimed the lives of many brave and honourable Muslims such as Hazrat Salim (ra), Hazrat Abu Huzaifah (ra) and Hazrat Zaid bin Khattab (ra). Musailamah was still in his place and was the central figure for the disbelievers. The Muslim commander Hazrat Khalid (ra) realised that until Musailamah was killed, the war would not come to an end. Subsequently, Hazrat Khalid(ra) advanced forward and requested to fight in the form of duels by raising the slogan of Ya Muhammada which was the tradition during the battle in those days. Whoever stepped into the battlefield was killed, which became a catalyst for the Muslims. Following this, Hazrat Khalid (ra) called out for Musailamah, however, he ran away and took refuge in his orchard along with his companions and he sealed the doors of this orchard. The Muslims started the siege of the orchard. Hazrat Bara’ bin Malik (ra), a brave soldier, climbed up the wall of the orchard with the help of Muslims and opened the gate from within. The Muslims entered the orchard, and further fierce battle continued. It is narrated that Wahshi killed Musailamah. Wahshi is the same person who had martyred Hazrat Hamzah (ra), the uncle of the Holy Prophet (sa). The Muslims had suffered great losses during this long and fierce battle. The Muslims desired to swiftly return after their victory. Hence, Hazrat Khalid (ra) agreed on a treaty for peace and returned home. In this battle 360 Muhajireen and Ansar from Medina were martyred. As many Companions were martyred in the battle of Yamama, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) set up the project to collate the Holy Qur’an in one place, in order to preserve it.
Then Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) spoke about a companion named Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Makhrama (ra). His title was Abu Muhammad, and he belonged to the Banu ‘Aamir bin Lui tribe. Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Makhrama (ra) was among those companions who accepted Islam in the beginning. He had the honour of migrating twice, one migration was towards Abyssinia and the second one towards Medina. After migrating to Medina, Hazrat Abdullah bin Makhrama (ra) resided in the house of Hazrat Khulthum bin Hidam (ra). The Holy Prophet (sa) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Makhrama and Farwah bin Amr (ra) Ansari. Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Makhrama (ra) participated in the Battle of Badr as well as all the battles that took place after. He was thirty years old at the time of the Battle of Badr. When he was martyred at the Battle of Yamama, during the Caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra), at that time he was 41 years old. Hazrat Abdullah (ra) bin Makhrama had an extraordinary level of passion to attain the status of martyrdom. He was martyred, while he was fasting.
The next companion that Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) mentioned was Hazrat Amr (ra) bin Ma’bad (ra). Hazrat Amr (ra) bin Ma’bad belonged to the Banu Zubaya branch of the Aus tribe of the Ansar. Hazrat Amr (ra) bin Ma’bad (ra) participated in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa), including the Battle of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. Hazrat Amr (ra) bin Ma’bad (ra) was among the handful of companions who stood their ground during the Battle of Hunain and valiantly fought. As a reward for their bravery, God Almighty Himself became responsible for the provisions.
The next companion mentioned was Hazrat Nauman (ra) bin Malik (ra). Hazrat Nauman (ra) bin Malik’s name has also been mentioned as Nauman bin Qauqal. Hazrat Nauman (ra) belonged to the Banu Ghanam branch of the Khazraj tribe from among the Ansar. This tribe was popularly known as Quaqal. Why were they referred to as Qauqal? Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) explained this in one of the previous sermons that whenever someone sought protection from a leader in Medina, he would be told that he was free to ascend the mountain as he wished – in other words, he had now been granted peace and he was free to live as he wished. Hazrat Nauman (ra)’s grandfather, Thalaba bin Daad, was referred to as Qauqal as he was from among those who would grant security and protection. Hazrat Nauman (ra) bin Malik participated in the Battle of Badr and Uhud and was martyred during the Battle of Uhud. On the day of Uhud, Hazrat Nauman (ra) bin Malik, Hazrat Mujazzar bin Ziad (ra) and Hazrat Ubadah bin Hisshaas (ra) were all buried in one grave.
Hazrat Jabir (ra) relates that Hazrat Nauman (ra) bin Quqal came to the Holy Prophet (sa) and asked, “O Prophet (sa) of Allah! If I observe the obligatory prayers; observe the fasts in the month of Ramadan; declare all that which is unlawful as unlawful and all that which is lawful as lawful; and do nothing more than this, will I enter paradise?” The Holy Prophet (sa) replied, “yes”. Upon this he said, “By God, I will not do anything more than this.”
The next companion who was mentioned was Hazrat Khubaib (ra) bin Adi Ansari. Hazrat Khubaib (ra) bin Adi Ansari belonged to the Banu Jahjabah of the Aus tribe from among the Ansar. Hazrat Khubaib (ra) bin Adi took part in the Battle of Badr. Hazrat Khubaib (ra) bin Adi was among the delegation involved in the incident of Raji in 4 AH.
Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) briefly mentioned the incidence of Raji. The Holy Prophet (sa) sent an intelligence mission of ten companions. When the delegation reached a place called Behda, they were confronted by 200 archers from the Banu Lahyan tribe. The members of the Muslim delegations climbed up a Hillock for their safety. Banu Lahyan assured Muslims to come down and assured them that they will not be killed. The leader of the Muslim delegation prayed that Oh God, please let the Prophet of God know about us. God Almighty accepted this prayer and the Holy Prophet (sa) informed his companions in Madinah about the entire incident.
Then, 200 archers of Banu Lahyan attacked 10 Muslims with their arrows and martyred 7 of them including their leader Asim Bin Thabit (ra). Later, when Quraish got to know of his death, they sent a party to bring back a part of his body whereby he could be recognised. Asim (ra) had slain a principal chieftain of the Quraish during the Battle of Badr. However, God Almighty made provisions such that a swarm of hornets acted as a shield over his body and the disbelievers were unable to harm his body.
Whilst, the remaining three companions on the hillock were assured of their safety, so they climbed down the hillock. The archers of Banu Lahyan martyred one of them and sold the remaining two to Meccans. Hazrat Khubaib (ra) bin Adi Ansari was one of those captured. Khubaib (ra) was bought by Banu Harith bin Aamr bin Naufal bin Abd Manaf. Khubaib (ra) was the one who killed his father Harith bin Aamir during the Battle of Badr, so his sons bought Hazrat Khubaib (ra) bin Adi Ansari to avenge the death of their father. Khubaib (ra) was held captive in the home of Banu Harith bin Aamr and they planned to kill him. During that time Khubaib (ra) had a razor for his personal use. This is a very famous incident and is often quoted. The daughter of Harith narrates that during a moment of inattentiveness, one of my children went to Khubaib (ra) and sat on his lap. Seeing her child sitting on Khubaib’s lap and the razor in his hand, she was petrified but Khubaib (ra) reassured her that he would never harm a child. The daughter of Harith also narrated, “By God, on one occasion, I saw a bunch of grapes in the hand of Khubaib (ra) and he was picking grapes one by one and eating them, although there was no sign of grapes in Makkah while he was shackled in strong iron chains.” She says, “I believe that these were heavenly provisions which would come to Khubaib (ra).”
When the captors took Khubaib to a place outside of the Haram [vicinity of the Ka’ba] in order to kill him, Khubaib (ra) sought permission to offer two rak’ats [each unit of prayer] of Salat, to which they agreed. When he offered two rak’ats of prayer, he said: “I wanted to offer a long Salat, but I did not want you to think that I was drawing out my Salat to avoid martyrdom.” Then he prayed to God Almighty saying: “O Allah! Destroy each and every one of them.” Then, Hazrat Khubaib (ra) recited the following couplet: “When I am being martyred in the cause of Islam as a Muslim, I care not as to which flank I fall upon after being martyred, all of this is for the sake of God; And if my God so wills, He shall bless my every severed limb.” He also prayed by saying: “O Allah, I have no means by which to convey my greetings to the Holy Prophet (sa). You alone can convey my greetings to him.” Angel Gabriel came to the Holy Prophet (sa) and informed him about the entire incident, and the Holy Prophet (sa) in turn informed the Companions (ra). The Companions (ra) said that on that day, the Holy Prophet (sa) was seated in a gathering when he said: “[Arabic] O Khubaib! May the peace and blessings of God be upon you.” Thus, God Almighty ensured that Khubaib’s greetings of peace were conveyed to the Holy Prophet (sa). When the idolaters martyred Hazrat Khubaib (ra), they turned his face away from the direction of the Qibla [towards the Ka’ba in Mecca]. However, after a short while later, the idolaters saw that his face had turned towards the Qibla again. They tried again and again to turn his face away from the Qibla but they did not succeed and eventually left his face the way he was.
Then Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) announced that the Tareekh-e-Ahmadiyyat department have made a website which is in the Urdu and English language. It contains information about the history of Ahmadiyyat, biographies and events in the lives of those personalities about whom the Jamaat has published literature, for example: The Promised Messiah (as), the Khulafah of Ahmadiyyat, the Companions of the Promised Messiah (as), the martyrs of Ahmadiyyat, the Dervish of Qadian, missionaries of the Jamaat as well as other notable personalities in the Jamaat. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) said that God-Willing, he will launch this website after the Friday prayers.
Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) gave the sad news of the demise of one of the senior missionaries Saffi-ur-Rahman Khursid Sahib –on 16th September at the age of 75. To Allah we belong and to Him shall we return. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) recounted his glittering services based on amazing sacrifices in Sierra Leonne, Nigeria and Cameron. He was a member of the team who set up the Raqeem press in the UK. May God Almighty shower His mercy and forgiveness on him; he has one daughter, may God Almighty grant patience and steadfastness to her and his wife.